What's The Best Workout Split For You?

What's The Best Workout Split For You?

When it comes to designing an effective workout routine, the choice of a workout split plays a pivotal role. Different workout splits offer unique advantages and disadvantages, and understanding them can help you make an informed decision tailored to your fitness goals. In this in-depth guide, we'll explore the most popular workout splits, starting with an introduction to each split, followed by real-world examples and a thorough examination of their pros and cons.

1. Full-Body Workout Split

The full-body workout split is like a balanced buffet for your muscles. Each session targets multiple muscle groups, making it an efficient choice for those looking to maximise their time in the gym.

Example: Picture a full-body workout session that includes squats to work your legs, push-ups for your chest and triceps, and bent-over rows for your back and biceps.


  • Efficient Use of Time: Engages multiple muscle groups in a single session.
  • Frequent Training Frequency: Ideal for beginners for quicker skill development.


  • Limited Exercise Variety: May restrict exercise variety.
  • Recovery Challenges: Requires careful management of recovery time.

2. Push-Pull-Legs (PPL) Split

The PPL split divides your training into push (chest, shoulders, triceps), pull (back, biceps), and legs. It offers a balanced approach and allows you to focus on specific muscle groups each day.

Example: On a pull day, you might perform pull-ups for your back, rows for your biceps, and finish with some face pulls for your rear deltoids.


  • Balanced Approach: Ensures no muscle group is overlooked.
  • Focused Training: Allows for targeted muscle development.


  • High Training Frequency: Demands a six-day-a-week commitment.
  • Longer Workouts: Sessions can become lengthy due to multiple exercises.

3. Upper-Lower Split

The upper-lower split evenly distributes the workload between your upper and lower body. It provides a balance of variety and muscle targeting within your weekly routine.

Example: On an upper-body day, you might start with bench presses for your chest, followed by overhead presses for your shoulders, and then pull-ups for your back.


  • Balance and Variety: Distributes workload evenly.
  • Exercise Variety: Offers more exercise variety for muscle growth.


  • Four-Day Commitment: Requires a four-day-a-week training schedule.
  • Volume Limitations: May not provide enough volume for advanced lifters.

4. Body-Part Split (e.g., Chest & Triceps, Back & Biceps)

Body-part splits allow you to zero in on specific muscle groups, making them a favorite among bodybuilders. They're all about precision and hypertrophy.

Example: Imagine a chest and triceps day featuring bench presses, tricep dips, and cable flyes for a comprehensive upper-body workout.


  • Specific Targeting: Allows for precise targeting of individual muscle groups.
  • Ideal for Hypertrophy: Preferred by bodybuilders for muscle growth.


  • High Training Frequency: Requires hitting each muscle group multiple times per week.
  • Overtraining Risk: Without careful planning, overtraining can occur.


The choice of a workout split is a deeply personal one, driven by your fitness goals, schedule, and experience level. While full-body workouts provide efficiency and are great for beginners, specialised splits like PPL, upper-lower, and body-part splits offer more targeted training. Regardless of your chosen split, remember that consistency and proper recovery are key to your fitness journey.

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